Beans Beans - Family Tree

The Fabaceae are the third largest family of plants after Daisies and Orchids, containing some 630 genera and over 18,860 species, some edible, some decorative and many toxic.



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Fabaceae - Bean family
  • Caesalpinioideae - (Subfamily)
    • Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos - pods have sweet pulp.
    • Jeheb Nut - Cordeauxia edulis - eaten in Somalia and Ethiopia.
    • Tara - Caesalpinia spinosa - tara gum used as a food thickener.
    • Tamarind - Tamarindus indica

  • Mimosoideae - (Subfamily)
    • Mesquite - Prosopis species - used for charcoal grilling.
    • Twisted Cluster Bean - Parkia speciosa

  • Faboideae - (Subfamily)
    • Arachis
      • Peanut - A. hypogaea
    • Astragalus
      • Milk vetch - used medicinally
    • Cajanus
      • Pigeon Pea - C. cajan
    • Cicer
      • Chick Pea - C. arietinum
    • Crotalaria
      • Chipilin - C. longirostrata - leaves used in Central America, Southern Mexico
    • Glycine
      • Soybean - G. max
    • Glycyrrhiza
      • Licorice - G. glabra
    • Lablab
      • Hyacinth Bean - L. purpureus
    • Lathyrus
      • Grass Pea - L. sativus
    • Lens
      • Lentils - L. culinaris
    • Macrotyloma
      • Horse Gram - M. uniflorum
    • Medicago
      • Alfalfa - M. sativa
    • Pachyrhizus
      • Ahipa - P.ahipa - Andean yam bean.
      • Goitenyo - P. tuberosus - Amazonian yam bean.
      • Jicama - P. erosus
    • Phaseolus - Beans
      • Common Bean - P. vulgaris.
      • Lima Bean - P. lunatus.
      • Runner Bean - P. coccineus.
      • Tepary Bean - P. acutifolius - grown in the Southwest.
    • Pisum - Pea
      • Garden Pea - P. sativum various cultivars
    • Pueraria
      • Kudzu - P. lobata
    • Trifolium - Clover
      • Many species used for animal fodder and renewing soil.
    • Trigonella
      • Fenugreek - T. foenum-graecum
    • Vicia
      • Fava Bean - V. faba
      • Vetch - many Vicia species - used as animal fodder
    • Vigna
      • Azuki Bean - V. angularis
      • Bambara groundnut - V. subterranea
      • Cow Peas - V. unguiculata
        • Blackeye Pea - subsp dekindtiana
        • Catjang - subsp cylindrica
        • Long Bean - subsp sesquipedalis
        • Southern Pea - subsp unguiculata - Crowder Pea
      • Moth Bean - V. acontifolia
      • Mung Bean - V. radiata
      • Pencil Yam - V. lanceolata - eaten by Australian aboriginies.
      • Rice Bean - V. umbellata - similar to azuki bean.
      • Urad Bean - V. mungo
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©Andrew Grygus - agryg@clovegarden.com - Photos on this page not otherwise credited are © cg1 - Linking to and non-commercial use of this page permitted