Order Brassicales - Family Tree
Wild Cabbage [Mustards, Cabbages, Papayas and Others]

The Order Brassicales contains a huge number of very diverse plants. One family alone, Brassicaceae, contains over 350 genera and some 3000 species, many of which have been important in human survival and are still mafor vegetables in our markets. Some others are decoratives and others just plain weeds. I have listed here only families, genera and species that are significant for human consumption.

Some species within Brassicaceae show tremendous variation with different "cultivars" within the species appearing to be completely different plants. This variation is the result of human tampering over thousands of years, breeding separate lineages of the same plant to emphasize particular desirable characteristics. The wild cabbage in the photo at top left has been breed into head cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, and other groups of cultivars.   Photo by MPF licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0.



Brassicales   -   Mustard / Cabbage / Papaya Order
  • Bataceae   -   Saltwart Family
    • Batis maritima - Amreican (edible shrub)
    • Batis argillicola - Australian (edible shrub)
  • Brassicaceae   -   Mustard / Cabbage family
    • Armoracia
      • Horseradish - Armoracia rusticana
    • Brassica
      • B. juncia
        • Brown Mustard
        • Mustard Greens
      • B. napus
        • Oilseed Rape, Canola
        • Rutabaga
      • B. nigra - Black Mustard
      • B. oleracea
        • Broccoli
        • Brssels Sprouts
        • Cabbage
        • Cauliflower
        • Kai-lan (Chinese Broccoli)
        • Kale
      • B. rapa
        • Chinese Cabbages
        • Mustard Greens
        • Rapini
        • Turnip
    • Cochlearia - Scurvy Grass
    • Diplotaxis
      • Wall Rocket - Diplotaxis tenuifolia and other species.
    • Eruca
      • Arugula / Rocket - [Eruca sativa (garden), Eruca vesicaria (wild)]
    • Lepidium
      • Garden Cress - L. satiavum
      • Maca - L. meyenii
      • Pepperweed / Peppergrass - L.latifolium, L. campestre
    • Nasturtium
      • Watercress - (but not Nasturtium)
    • Raphanus
      • Radishes
    • Sinapis - White Mustard
    • Wasabia - Wasabi
  • Capparaceae   -   Caper Family
    • Capparis - C. spinosa - Caper bush
  • Caricaceae   -   Papaya Family
    • Carica papaya - Papya
    • Vasconcellea - several Papayp-like species
  • Moringaceae   -   Drumstick Family
    • Moringa oleifera - Drumstick Tree
    • Moringa stenopetala - Cabbage Tree
    • Moringa drouhardii - Bottle Tree
  • Pentadiplandraceae
    • Pentadiplandra brazzeana - Oubli (extremely sweet African berry)
  • Tropaeolaceae   -   Nasturtium Family
    • Tropaeolum majus - Nasturtium
    • Tropaeolum tuberosum - Mashua (Andes, edible roots)
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