Chili Heat Table
The official measure of chili hotness is the Scoville
Unit, which ranges from 0 (green bell pepper) to 16,000,000 (pure capsaicin).
The hottest actual chili peppers right now are between 350,000 and a bit
over 500,000 Scoville.
Remembering big numbers is difficult and the chilis don't cooperate either,
forcing you to remember a range of big numbers. A single variety can
show wide variation in heat depending on soil, weather and the chili plant's
mood at the time.
Here we use a simple 0 to 10 hotness scale with the 10 spot held by
the Habanero family. "Close enough for government work", as the saying goes.
Keep in mind the wide variation and the fact that when dried, ripe red
chilis will lose some hotness. Some hotness is also lost in cooking.
cp_hottab 06 rev 111911 www.clovegarden.com
|Scale||Description and Chilis at this level|
||No heat (or trace - even some bell peppers have trace heat)
Bell Pepper, Green, Red, Orange, Purple and Yellow;
Pimiento; Sweet Banana; U.S. Paprika; Peproncini (most); Cherry (cool
end) - (Scoville 0 to 100)
||Detectable Heat to the average palate
Aleppo Pepper; Cherry (hot end); Peproncini (hot end)
- (Scoville 100 to 500)
||Only a Canadian could call these "hot"
Hungarian Hot Paprika; El Paso; Anaheim, California; New Mexico,
Santa Fe, Coronado; Poblano (mild end) chili powder (California and
New Mexico). - (Scoville 500 to 1000)
||Heat, but comfortable
Poblano (hot end); Mulato; Ancho; Pasilla;
- (Scoville 1000 to 1500)
||"Entry level" hot chilis
Cascabel; Sandia; Yellow Hot Wax
- (Scoville 1500 to 2500)
||The Mexican border
Jalapeno (mild end); Fresno, Mirasol; Guajillo; Louisiana hot sauce
- (Scoville 2500 to 5000)
||Starting to sweat
Serrano (low end); Jalapeno (high end); Hot Wax; Hidalgo;
- (Scoville 5000 to 15,000)
||The weak have fallen by the wayside
Serrano (high end); Manzano; De Arbol; habanero sauce
- (Scoville 15,000 to 30,000)
||OK, that's quite hot enough now.
Cayenne; Tabasco; Piquin; Super Chile; Sanaka; Aji; Thai (mild end)
- (Scoville 30,000 to 50,000)
||Fire and Damnation!
Thai (hot end); Bahamian; Yatsafusa; Haimen
- (Scoville 50,000 to 100,000)
||Hotter than the hearth grates of Hades
Habanero (family); Scotch Bonnet; Chinenses (South America);
Birdseye (Africa); Jamaican Hot; Kumataka; Carolina Cayenne
- (Scoville 100,000 to 500,000)
Red Savina, Naga Jolokia
- (Scoville greater than 500,000)
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