Grains of Paradise
Grains of Paradise Seeds [Melegueta pepper, Alligator pepper, Guinea pepper, Guinea grains, Ossame, fom wisa, Aframomum melegueta - related Atzoh, Mbongo (West Africa) Aframomum citratum]

Native to West Africa, this spice is rarely seen in North America but some is grown in the Caribbean. It was important to 15th century Europe but was completely replaced by black pepper by the 16th century. Currently it is used in West and Central Africa and quite often used in Morocco and Tunisia. The seeds are always ground and added near the end of cooking. The photo specimens, about 0.12 inch (3 mm) were purchased from an on-line spice vender in the United States. The best substitute is probably Black Cardamom. On the islands in the Gulf of Guinea the fresh fruits are eaten raw.   Caution: many food writers have come to grief by confusing Melegueta Pepper with Malagueta Pepper, which is a small red bird chili, also known as Piri Piri. For details see our Chilis page.

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Grains of Paradise Fruits These are the fruit pods of the Grains of Paradise plants, which can be up to 2-3/4 inches long. On the formerly Portuguese islands of São Tomé and Principe in the Gulf of Guinea these pods are often eaten raw.   Photo by Inna Moody (cropped) distributed under license Creative Commons Attribution v2.0 Generic.

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