- If you're using a marinade, get your fish soaking in it in the fridge.
You want about 1/2 hour soak.
- If using charcoal, get your fire going - you want it stable and medium
hot. Use a chimney starter and pour when the coals are red all the way to
- Make sure the grate is clean and oil it well but not dripping. Put it
over the fire in enough time for it to become as hot as it's going to get
- 15 minutes or so. Fish will stick to a cool grate.
- Make sure your fish is ready and dry. If it's been marinading clean
off all marinade it hasn't absorbed and dry.
- If you're going to use that extra marinade get it into a saucepan and
bring it to a high simmer for about 5 minutes.
- Brush both sides of the fish well with olive oil.
- Give your grate a last brushing with oil using a long handled brush.
- Set the fish on the grate. Don't try for a cross grill pattern with a
whole fish, you'll probably just break it up.
- At about 1/2 done time flip the fish over and finish cooking. Do not
turn the fish again or you risk breaking it up.
- Serve with the good side up (that may not be the side you intended to
be the good side).
Grilling Time Table
Caution! These times are tight. It takes 45
standard Kingsford briquettes at their peak hotness to meet these times on
my tiny Indonesian pot grill. Larger machines will take more. Err a little
on the long side until you know your grill with precision. A fish with a
couple extra minutes will still be fine but an undercooked fish is not at
|Fire Medium Hot for All Selections|
|Fish Form||Size||Grilling Time||Done When|
|Whole Fish||1/2# to 1-1/2#||6 to 9 minutes per 8 ounces||Flakes|
|1/2" to 1" thick||4 to 6 minutes per|
|Medium (20 / pound)|
Large (12 to 15 / pound)
|5 to 8 minutes|
7 to 9 minutes
|12 to 15 / pound)||5 to 8 minutes||Opaque|
|Lobster Tails||6 ounces|
|6 to 10 minutes|
12 to 15 minutes
- Know Your Fish: Hints for many kinds of fish are linked
from our Varieties of Fish
page on the "Details and Cooking" pages for individual kinds of fish.
Some kinds of fish and fillets stay firm and manageable while others
stick and break up.
- For grilling steaks and fillets you want a fairly oily fish with solid
flesh. Choose fish with enough flavor to stand up to the fire and smoke.
Tuna, Swordfish, Salmon, Halibut, Mackerel and Shark steaks work well
directly on the grill.
- For whole fish oiliness is not so important, but holding together well
and not being too thick are.
- Fillets and steaks should be at least 1/2 inch thick or they will dry
out and be like boards. They should be no more than 1 inch thick or they
will char before being done through. Tender fillets such as flounder
(sole), snapper, perch and catfish would benefit from using a grilling
basket (see "Tools" below).
- Oil: Use a high temperature oil - Olive Pomace has a
high smoke point and little olive flavor so it won't overpower your fish.
Don't use Extra Virgin or any other "unrefined" oil - they can't stand
- Use a medium hot grill. Too hot and you'll char the outside before
the fish are done in the center - too cool and they'll take too long and
not get any char lines on the outside.
- Flip your fish over only once or it'll probably break up.
- Shrimp and shellfish should be on metal or water soaked bamboo
skewers or done in a deep grilling basket (the kind used for vegetables).
If shellfish are done in the shell they should be put directly on the
hottest part of the grill. They're done when they open (any that aren't
open in 5 minutes are bad - toss them).
- If you marinade fish, let them soak up the marinade for about 1/2 hour
in the refrigerator. Fish spoil fast - don't leave them out. If you use
leftover marinade for a sauce bring it to a high simmer for 5 minutes
in a saucepan to make sure it's safe
- If your fish just didn't get quite done, put it on a microwave safe
plate and nuke it for 1 to 2 minutes.
- A Grill: the primitive Indonesian clay pot grill shown above
will do fine, but the more primitive the grill the greater skill is
required in building and regulating the fire. On the other hand, eighteen
hundred dollar gas fired monsters with high tech controls are like SUVs,
"enhancement devices" for men with "size insecurities" - you might as
well use the kitchen stove for crissake!
- Basting Brush: useful for oiling that grill just before putting
the fish down on it. Any non-melting (cotton string or natural bristle)
brush will work so long as it has a long enough handle and you work
- Grill Fork: This two pronged device can get down between the
grate rods to lift things that are a little stuck.
- Turner: as for all other methods of cooking fish it needs to
be slotted, very thin and flexible (but well made enough it isn't going to
break at some critical moment).
- Fish Turner: The one shown looked like a great idea but was
remarkably efficient at destroying fish, until I walked up to a bench grinder
and ground the front edge from the bottom until it's tapered to almost
a knife edge. Better to find a very thin flexible one.
- Fish Basket: a useful device for fillets. Particularly good for
your more delicate fish. Most are way too shallow for a whole fish,
- Grill Basket: often used for small vegetables, it's also good
- Skewers for grilling shrimp, shellfish and fish cubes should be
flat metal ones (food often spins on round ones when you're trying to
turn it) or wooden skewers that have been soaked 1/2 hour in warm water.
Wood skewers can still char if the fire is too hot or the cooking too long.
Gimmicky skewers almost always disappoint, stick with plain.
- Chimney Starter: the best way to get your charcoal burning
properly, and avoids any noxious and unreliable starter chemicals that will
linger and contaminate your food.