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©2004 2012 CloveGarden


OILS CHART

Smoke Temperature, Composition & Stability

Please note: all temperatures and percent figures are approximate and vary with growing conditions, plant varieties, animal feed processing, storage conditions and many other factors.

NameSmoke
°F/°C
SatMono-
unsat.
Poly-
unsat.
Trans-
fat
Oxi
**
Notes
Avacado520/27020%70%10%0%

Almond495/2558%73%19%0%

Argan420/22018%43%37%0% <1.5High in Vitamin E, phenols
Beech Nut
8%54%32%0%

Beef Tallow420/22052%43%5%some 0.86
Brazil Nut24%48%24%0%

Butter300/14865%30%5%0.3 gm/T

Butter, Clarified375/19065%30%5%0.3 gm/T

Butter Ghee480/25065%30%5%0.3 gm/T
Highly clarified butter
Camolina475/24611%17%82%0%
29% Omega-3*, high antioxidants
Candlenut


69%0%
31% Omega-3*
Canola400/2007%61%32%0.03 gm/T
to 0.6 gm/T
5.511% Omega-3*
See Canola Oil
Canola
-hydrogenated
400/2007%61%32%3.6 gm/T 1.3"fast food" deep fry
Cashew18%70%6%0%

Chia


70%3.6 gm/T 30% Omega-3*
Chicken Fat375/19032%46%22%some

Coconut Oil
Virgin
350/17592%6%2%0% 0.24
Coconut Oil
Refined
450/23592%6%2%0% 0.24
Corn (Maize)450/23513%29%58%0% 6.2
Cottonseed420/21524%26%50%0% 5.4
Dendê Oil
(Red Palm)
380/19551%39%10%0% 1.5High in vitamin E, antioxidants
carotenes and lycophene
Duck Fat375/19033%49%13%some

Evening Primrose
8%11%81%

8% Gama-Linolic Acid
Filburt
5%54%16%0%

Fish Oilna31%29%40%some ***Salmon, Tuna, high Omega-3*
Flaxseed225/1079%20%66%0% #Unrefined, 52% Omega-3*
Goat Fat370/18837%54%9%some

Goose Fat375/19028%57%11%some

Grapeseed480/2509%20%71%0%
67% linoleic, High vitamin E
Hazlenut430/22010%76%14%0%

Hemp
8%12%80%0%
20% Omega-3*
Hickory Nut
9%68%17%0%

Kenaf Seed
22%28%48%0%
3% Omega-3 (Gongura seed)
Lard (Pig)360/18544%45%11%0.2 gm/T 1.7
Macademia410/21012%84%4%0%

Margerine, hard325/16080%14%16%2.8 gm/T
Variable by manufacturer
Margerine, soft325/16020%47%33%0.6 gm/T
Variable by manufacturer
Mustard410/21012%59%21%0%

Neem
20%41%21%0%

Olive, Virgin320/16015%75%10%0%

Olive, "Pure"410/21015%75%10%0% 1.5
Olive-Pomace
Olive Ext Light
460/24015%75%10%0% 1.5
Palm Oil, Refined420/21551%39%10%0% 1.5See Dendê Oil for Unrefined
Palm Kernel450/23282%11%7%0% 0.27
Peanut450/23519%48%33%0% 3.7
Pecan
11%55%34%0%

Pistachio
9%65%19%0%

Poppyseed
14%21%65%0%

Pumpkin
9%34%57%0%

Rice Bran490/25520%47%33%0% 4.3
Safflower510/2659%12%75%0% 7.6
Sesame410/21014%40%46%0%

Sesame Refined450/23514%40%46%0%

Sheep
50%41%9%some

Shortening, Veg325/160


4.2 gm/T
0.3 gm/T

Highly variable by maker
"No trans" version now available
Soybean450/23515%23%62%0% 7.08% Omega-3*
Squirrel
15%47%38%some

Sunflower450/23512%16%72%0% 6.8
Sunflower
- high oleic
450/2359%82%9%0% 1.9Not available in stores
Tea Seed Oil485/25221%52%23%0%

Walnut400/20414%19%67%0%

Wheat Germ
20%30%50%0%

Cold Pressed
"Virgin",
"Unrefined"
320/160 Sesame, Olive, Peanut, Soybean,
Corn, Walnut
May lose some flavor
before smoke point
Cold Pressed
"Virgin",
"Unrefined"
225/110 Sunflower, Canola, Safflower
* Omega-3 is quickly destroyed at cooking temperatures (rancidity). There may actually be none left after refining anyway. Plant Omega-3 (ALA) is different from marine and animal Omega-3 (EPA and DHA). Conversion of ALA to DHA or EPA is very inefficient so its nutritional value is questionable.
** Inherent Oxidation Stability index (lower numbers are better). This is an indicator of how well the oil will stand up to deep frying. Index may vary slightly from different sources and are highly affected by antioxidant content.
*** Fish oils range from about 7.0 for Salmon to 32 for Menhaden. They are not considered suitable for cooking..
# Flaxseed oil is not suitable for cooking - its vulnerability to oxidation is extreemely high.

Links

Note that many references originally listed here have been removed because the links no longer worked.

oilchart 040606 r 120211   -   www.clovegarden.com
©Andrew Grygus - agryg@clovegarden.com - Linking to and non-commercial use of this page permitted